In order to effectively address climate change, we need to stop burning fossil fuels in all sectors, including inside our homes and buildings. This report analyzes how residential single- and multifamily buildings can transition from fossil fuel-based heating, hot water, cooking, and other end uses to energy-efficient electric heat pumps and other technologies that will dramatically improve home energy efficiency. Based on interviews with program implementers and electrification experts, we examine technology, whole-building, and market-based barriers to achieving whole-building decarbonization in residential homes. We identify programs and strategies that are addressing these barriers and offer recommendations to scale up residential building electrification as a climate solution.
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Bastian, H., and C. Cohn. 2022. Ready to Upgrade: Barriers and Strategies for Residential Electrification. Washington, DC: American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. www.aceee.org/research-report/b2206.