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Research Report

The Take-Back Effect--Fact or Fiction?

January 1, 1993
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Economists and other analysts have postulated that savings from efficiency measures are reduced as consumers use some of the money they save to purchase increased comfort or to operate energy-consuming equipment more intensively. This paper reviews more than 40 energy efficiency program evaluations that address this issue and concludes that in most situations there is little or no take-back effect. Presented at the Energy Program Evaluation Conference.

Research Report

The Take-Back Effect--Fact or Fiction?

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