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Appliance Energy Efficiency: Opportunities, Barriers, and Policy Solutions

October 1, 1997

Research Report a972


Steve Nadel


Surveys the types of programs that communities, utilities, and states have used to improve the efficiency of existing housing stock. The programs include: mandatory energy conservation ordinances or standards; retrofit loan programs; and home energy rating systems linked to energy-efficient mortgage products. The report presents case studies of retrofit energy efficiency programs.